Female genitalia mutilation

The opening is larger in women who are sexually active or have given birth by vaginal delivery, but the urethra opening may still be obstructed by scar tissue. FGM is therefore a global concern. Sometimes it has started as part of a wider religious or traditional revival movement.

InWHO published a "Global strategy to stop health care providers from performing female genital mutilation" in collaboration with other key UN agencies and international organizations. In some communities, FGM is almost universally performed and unquestioned.

To ensure the effective implementation of the guidelines, WHO is developing tools for front-line health-care workers to improve knowledge, attitudes, and skills of health care providers in preventing and managing the complications of FGM.

Over million women and girls are thought to be living with FGM in those 30 countries. Sometimes it has started as part of a wider religious or traditional revival movement. Talk to your GP or another healthcare professional if you're experiencing emotional or mental health problems that may be a result of FGM.

Girls in Uganda are told they may have difficulty giving birth without stretched labia. Where did the practice of FGM originate.

Female genital mutilation (FGM)

Religious leaders take varying positions with regard to FGM: A multi-country study by WHO in six African countries, showed that women who had undergone FGM, had significantly increased risks for adverse events during childbirth, and that genital mutilation in mothers has negative effects on their newborn babies.

According to the study, an additional one to two babies per deliveries die as a result of FGM. A systematic review of 56 studies suggested that over one in ten girls and women undergoing any form of FGM, including symbolic nicking of the clitoris Type IVexperience immediate complications, although the risks increased with Type III.

WHO efforts to eliminate female genital mutilation focus on: In some societies, recent adoption of the practice is linked to copying the traditions of neighbouring groups.

In the case of Type III, other factors include how small a hole was left for the passage of urine and menstrual blood, whether surgical thread was used instead of agave or acacia thorns, and whether the procedure was performed more than once for example, to close an opening regarded as too wide or re-open one too small.

It aims to ensure premarital virginity and marital fidelity. Indonesia, Egypt and Ethiopia. He was found guilty of aggravated battery and cruelty to children by the State of Georgia, which had no specific law on FGM at the time.

Was any flesh or something removed from the genital area. Those men who do manage to penetrate their wives do so often, or perhaps always, with the help of the "little knife".

It can also result in reduced sexual desire and a lack of pleasurable sensation. To help the tissue bond, the girl's legs are tied together, often from hip to ankle; the bindings are usually loosened after a week and removed after two to six weeks.

Complete obstruction of the vagina can result in hematocolpos and hematometra where the vagina and uterus fill with menstrual blood. Sincegreat efforts have been made to counteract FGM, through research, work within communities, and changes in public policy.

What is FGM

Sometimes it is carried out by traditional health practitioners, herbalists, or occasionally a female relative. However, the practice has not proven to have any medical validity.

Female genital mutilation

Help is available if you've had FGM or you're worried that you or someone you know is at risk. The estimate was based on a study conducted on 28, women attending delivery wards at 28 obstetric centres in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan. Reinfibulation can involve cutting the vagina again to restore the pinhole size of the first infibulation.

Women may experience chronic pain, chronic pelvic infections, development of cysts, abscesses and genital ulcers, excessive scar tissue formation, infection of the reproductive system, decreased sexual enjoyment and psychological consequences, such as post-traumatic stress disorder.

Category:Female genital mutilation

Girls in Uganda are told they may have difficulty giving birth without stretched labia. This increase can be attributed to increases in total immigration. The reasons for this were unclear, but may be connected to genital and urinary tract infections and the presence of scar tissue.

Congress also required the Department of Health and Human services to provide information for medical students about treatment recommendations. Over million women and girls are thought to be living with FGM in those 30 countries.

Penalties range from a minimum of six months to a maximum of life in prison. This might be performed before marriage, and after childbirth, divorce and widowhood.

In Kenya, for example, the Kisi cut around age 10 and the Kamba at WHO efforts to eliminate female genital mutilation focus on: FGM is therefore a global concern. District Judge Bernard A. To ensure the effective implementation of the guidelines, WHO is developing tools for front-line health-care workers to improve knowledge, attitudes, and skills of health care providers in preventing and managing the complications of FGM.

I recently had a conversation that challenged what I thought I knew about the controversial ritual known as “female genital cutting,” or, more commonly, "female genital mutilation." FGC, as it. Watch video · It is also known by other names including 'cutting', 'female circumcision' and 'initiation'.

Which countries practice FGM? The practice takes place in many parts of the world but it is most common in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Jan 30,  · Female genital mutilation is classified into 4 major types.

Type 1: Often referred to as clitoridectomy, this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals), and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.”[1] FGM is a violation of girls’ and women’s human rights.

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting, includes any procedure involving the removal or injury of part or all of .

Female genitalia mutilation
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